TUNICA TOUR NOTES
VISITORS PER DAY
20,000 - 25,000
Casino Gaming, Hospitality, Agriculture, Manufacturing
Tunica County was one of ten counties created in 1836 from Chickasaw Indian territory ceded to the U.S. in 1816. Commerce, now the site of Casino Strip, was the first county seat. Founded in 1834, Commerce was destroyed by the flooding Mississippi River in 1842.
Commerce was located in the province of Quizquiz where Chisca, the Great Chief, ruled when this area was discovered by Tunica's first tourist, Hernando DeSoto in 1541. The next county seat was Austin, which survived being burned by the Federals only to be flooded and destroyed. In 1848, twenty acres of inland property was donated for the new and current county seat of Tunica, Mississippi. To date, the town of Tunica has remained unharmed by the flood waters of the Mighty Mississippi.
America's best gaming odds are yours in the fastest growing adult playground: Tunica, Mississippi.
Gaming was legalized in 1991. Splash was the first casino to open at Mhoon Landing and three others followed at that location. A $10 boarding fee was charged until the other three casinos opened and competed for the business.
Tunica receives 4% of gross gaming revenues. Of this, 12% goes to schools, 2% to Levee Board, 4% to the Town of Tunica, and the rest to the general fund.
Tunica is one of the top gaming destinations in the U.S. based on gaming revenues.
Tunica County had 20 hotel rooms in 1993. Currently, there are over 6,000 rooms.
The Mississippi Blues Trail currently has five markers to commemorate the significant contribution Tunica County has played in the history of Blues Music. Markers are currently in place for "America's Blues Highway" - Highway 61, Son House, James Cotton, Abbay & Leatherman Plantation and Harold "Hardface" Clanton. Other famous Blues artists such as Robert Johnson, Willie Brown and Isaiah "Dr." Ross have roots here.
Highway 61, closely follows the course of the Mississippi River and was once the primary route from Minnesota to New Orleans. But in the Mississippi Delta, Highway 61 is known as the Blues Highway - a hallowed path where gospel, field chants and folk merged and Robert Johnson sold his soul in exchange for mastery of the music that made him a legend. See the first Mississippi Blues Marker at the Gateway to the Blues Visitor Center on Highway 61, the entrance to the America's Blues Highway.
|Soybeans||101,000 acres||$12 million|
|Cotton||30,200 acres||$27 million
|Rice||21,000 acres||$14 million|
|Wheat||40,400 acres||<$1 million|
|Corn||13,400 acres||<$1 million|
|Gaming||13.5 acres||$1.2 billion|
Tunica is booming right on the banks of what the native Indians called "the Father of Waters."
The upper and lower Mississippi Delta is protected from the flooding Mississippi River by the Yazoo Mississippi Delta Levee. This levee begins at the Chickasaw Bluffs just south of Memphis and continues down through Natchez. The Levee Board and the U.S. Corps of Engineers maintain 98 miles of levee and 20 miles of backwater levee.
The creation of the levee district was, in fact, a reaction to the flood of 1882, which has been described as the most destructive flood in the recorded history of Mississippi River overflow. There were 284 crevasses with a combined length of 56.1 miles.
The last crevasse was in 1897 in Tunica County at Flower Lake. This was the first flood that could accurately indicate the maximum high water level following the closing of the St. Francis and White River Basins on the Arkansas side. Estimated guesses could not be made until the Arkansas levees were built.
In 1917, Congress passed legislation, which provided that the U.S. Government through the Corps of Engineers would build the levee if local districts would provide one third of the cost and secure rights-of-way.
It was not until 1920, after World War I, that federal participation in levee construction began. Other significant floods were in 1927, 1937, 1950 and 1973.
The Mississippi River flood in April and May of 2011 was among the largest and most damaging recorded along the U.S. waterway in the past century, comparable in extent to the major floods of 1927. The 2011 flood in Tunica was a true test of the effectiveness of the Levee system. Tunica was forced to close all casinos for a 3-week period in May of 2011 due to the rising flood waters, but there was never a breach or loss of property on the "dry side" of the levee.
Earliest levees were approximately three feet in height above ground level and were built by riverfront landowners.
The levee has grown in height from an average of eight feet in 1884 to an average of 40 feet. The base has grown from an average width of 58 feet in 1884 to 350 feet today. The riverside of the levee has a layer of heavy, impervious clay and a berm to prevent passage of seepage through the levee. The entire levee is planted in Bermuda grass to protect the dirt material from erosion.
In the riverside "borrow pits," which provided most of the material for the construction of the levee, natural tree growth is encouraged to protect the levee from wave wash during high water stages.
The levee is controlled and maintained by the Yazoo Mississippi Delta Levee Board made up of elected officials from the ten river counties. They employ a full-time engineer.
MISSISSIPPI TOUR NOTES
Mississippi is the birthplace of Elvis Presley, BB King and the home of Jimmie Rodgers, "The Father of Country Music."
The word "Mississippi" means "Father of Waters," a reference to the great Mississippi River for which the state is named.
65% of all catfish produced in the U.S. comes from Mississippi, where over 95,000 acres are devoted to catfish farms.
The Parent Teachers Association (PTA) was founded in Mississippi in 1909.
The world's first human heart and lung transplants were performed in Mississippi at the University of Mississippi Medical Center.
Mississippi seceded from the Union in 1861. Rejoined the Union in 1870.
Mississippian Jefferson Davis was named president of the Confederate States of America in 1861.
America's first Memorial Day was celebrated in Columbus, Mississippi, April 26, 1866.
According to the Mississippi Department of Transportation, the longest stretch of highway in the U.S. with no horizontal or vertical curves (completely flat) is a 29.8 mile stretch of U.S. Highway 61 beginning just south of Tunica to just north of Clarksdale.
State Flower & Tree: Magnolia
State Bird: Mocking Bird
Nickname: Hospitality State
|B.B. King|| Jimmy Buffet
||Brandy Norwood||Archie Manning||Beth Henley|
|Blind Mississippi Morris|| John Lee Hooker
|| James Earl Jones
||Brett Favre||Eudora Welty|
| Bo Diddley
|| Johnny Winter
|| Jerry Clower
|| Dizzy Dean
| Brittany Spears
|| Lance Bass
|| Jim Henson
|| Eli Manning
| Bobbie Gentry
|| LeAnn Rimes
|| Mary Ann Mobley
||Jeff Brantley||Shelby Foote|
| Charley Patton
|| Leontyne Price
|| Morgan Freeman
|| Jerry Rice
| Charley Pride
|| Marty Stuart
||Oprah Winfrey|| Lewis Tillman
| Charlie Musselwhite
||Mickey Gillie||Robin Roberts|| Louis Lipps
| Conway Twitty
|| Muddy Waters
||Shepard Smith|| Peyton Manning
| Denise LaSalle
|| Paul Overstreet
||Tavis Smiley||Red Barber|
| Dorothy Moore
|| Pete Fountain
||Vivica A. Fox|| Sammy Winder
| Edgar Winter
||Pinetop Perkins|| Steve McNair
| Elvis Presley
|| Robert Johnson
|| Walter Payton
| Faith Hill
|| Rufus Thomas
| Howlin Wolf
|| Sam Cooke
| Ike Turner
|| Son House
| James Cotton
|| Sonny Boy Williams
| Jerry Lee Lewis
|| Tammy Wynette
| Jimmie Rodgers
|| WC Handy